East Rockaway Inlet to Rockaway Inlet, and Jamaica Bay
The Rockaway Beach shoreline has experienced a number of severe hurricanes and northeasters over the last 40 years. In 1960 Hurricane Donna caused $8,774,000 (1960 price level) in damages, including 6,000 homes and hundreds of commercial establishments and a 1962 storm inflicted $8,450,400 (1962 price level) in damages to the Rockaway Peninsula. This report is considered a General Reevaluation Report (GRR) because there is an existing, authorized project for the area that was constructed in 1977 and re-nourished through 2004, based upon the 1965 construction authorization. A Reformulation effort was initiated in 2003 to revisit the authorized plan, and make recommendations for a long-term solution.
The study area (Below) consists of the Atlantic Coast of NYC between East Rockaway Inlet and Rockaway Inlet, and the water and lands within and surrounding Jamaica Bay, New York. The study area (unchanged from the Draft HSGRR/EIS) also includes the low lying Coney Island section of Brooklyn, which can be overtopped by floodwaters that flood the Brooklyn neighborhoods surrounding Jamaica Bay. The area is located within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) regulated one percent Annual Exceedance Probability (AEP) floodplain, or the 100-year floodplain. The Atlantic Ocean shoreline, which is a peninsula approximately 10 miles in length, generally referred to as the Rockaways, separates the Atlantic Ocean from Jamaica Bay immediately to the north. The greater portion of Jamaica Baylies in the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, NYC, and a section at the eastern end, known as Head-of-Bay, lies in Nassau County. More than 850,000 residents, over 46,000 residential and non-residential structures(which includes scores of critical infrastructure features such as schools, hospitals, and nursing homes), and additional wastewater treatment, subway, and railroad infrastructure are located within the study area.