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FACT SHEET - Orchard Beach, NY

Shoreline Protection Project

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District
Published Nov. 20, 2023

DESCRIPTION: Orchard Beach is located in Pelham Bay Park on the northeast shore of the Borough of the Bronx, New York, at the western end of Long Island Sound. Orchard Beach is an artificial beach constructed by the City of New York between 1935 and 1937.  The beach is crescent-shaped, approximately 400 feet wide and one mile long, and constructed across Pelham Bay, which connects Hunter Island and Rodman's Neck.

AUTHORIZATION:  Section 309(e) of the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) of 1992; Section 554 of WRDA 1996; and Section 3122 of WRDA 2007.

STATUS:  Erosion to the shoreline reduced the size of the recreational beach, causing severe overcrowding at the facility, and an uneven beach slope resulted in a dangerous drop-off zone posing a hazard to bathers. A cost-sharing Design Agreement was executed between the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation on December 20, 2000. The State of New York was also joined by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, which owns and manages Pelham Bay Park.  The Final Re-Evaluation Report & Environmental Assessment, dated March 2005, was approved by the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works) in August 2006.  The recommended plan of improvement for Orchard Beach includes initial beach placement, groin rehabilitation, and includes periodic nourishment.

A Project Partnership Agreement for project construction was executed July 29, 2010 between the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. The project is cost-shared 50% Federal, 50% City of New York. 

Construction began in late October 2010 and was completed in late January 2011 at a total cost of approximately $12 million.  It included the placement of 268,000 cubic yards of beachfill and nearly 4,000 tons of stone for groin rehabilitation, allowing for the opening of the new beach during the summer of 2011 beach season. 

The need for any future sand renourishments will be determined thru yearly assessments of the project's existing conditions, and all nourishment efforts will be cost-shared 50% Federal, 50% New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.


Frank Verga
Project Manager
P: (917) 790-8212
Email: Frank.Verga@usace.army.mil
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District
Programs and Project Management Division  
26 Federal Plaza
New York, NY 10278