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FACT SHEET - Passaic River NJ Basin Flood Management (Floodway Buy-out)

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District
Published Jan. 26, 2024

DESCRIPTION: Flooding has long been a problem in the Passaic River Basin.  Since colonial times, floods have claimed lives and damaged property.  The most severe flood, the "flood of record," occurred in 1903, and more recent floods in 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, two in 1975, 1984, 1992, 1999, 2001, and 2005 were sufficiently devastating to warrant Federal Disaster declarations.  The flood of 1984 resulted in the loss of three lives and caused $642 million in damages (October 2006 dollars).  Tropical Storm Floyd in September 1999 caused over $244 million in flood damages (October 2006 dollars).  The April 2007 flood caused over $686 million in damages (October 2006 dollars).  

AUTHORIZATION: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has been working on plans to reduce flooding in the basin since 1936, but no comprehensive plan has yet been implemented.  Congress authorized a new study of the Passaic River Basin for the State of New Jersey in the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) of 1976 (Public Law 94-587) which led to a plan authorized in WRDA 1990 and modified in WRDA 1992, WRDA 1996, and WRDA 2000.  The project includes several elements (see separate fact sheet on the Passaic River Mainstem), which are currently being implemented throughout the basin.  The element described herein is the Floodway Buy-out (specific authorization: Section 1148 of WRDA 1986 as amended in Section 333 of WRDA 1996, Section 327 of WRDA 2000 and Section 115 of Consolidated Appropriation Act 2012).  The cost sharing is set at 75% Federal and 25% non-Federal.  The State of New Jersey through the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) is the non-Federal sponsor.  The Floodway Buy-out involves the acquisition and removal from the State defined Floodway of approximately 800 homes in the municipalities of Fairfield, Lincoln Park, Wayne, Pompton Lakes, Montville, East Hanover, Pequannock, Little Falls, and Riverdale.  These homes are subject to frequent flood damages as documented in the draft Floodway Buy-out Study prepared by the Corps in October 1995.  The estimated cost of the buy-outs was $194,000,000 (October 1994 prices).  The authorization specifies that the buy-outs are to be from willing sellers.  The State began to implement the buy-outs through the State’s Blue Acres Program in the late 1990’s utilizing the draft report and $15,000,000 in State funding, which has been expended. 

STATUS:  Federal appropriations totaling $1,250,000 were made by Congress in Fiscal Years 2003, 2004, and 2005. Additional $5M were appropriated in 2010. The Corps in partnership with the State completed a limited update of the 1995 draft study in 2005. The NY District team updated the 2005 Report which included updating the environmental assessment, economic analysis, and project cost estimate. The Final Decision Document and Environmental Assessment was approved by Director of Civil Works on April 18, 2019.  The Director’s Report recommended 18 properties for acquisition and demolition in Hoffman Grove area in Wayne Township.  The next step is to execute Project Partnership Agreement with NJDEP. 


CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT:   The study area is represented by U.S. Representative Mikie Sherrill (D, Wayne Township NJ-11).



Ms. Rifat Salim

Project Manager

P: (917) 790-8215

Email: rifat.salim@usace.army.mil

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District

Programs and Project Management Division, Civil Works Branch

26 Federal Plaza

New York, NY 10278