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DESCRIPTION: The Hudson Raritan Estuary (HRE) is within the boundaries of the Port District of New York and New Jersey, and is situated within a 25 mile radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. The HRE study area includes 8 Planning Regions: 1) Jamaica Bay; 2) Lower Bay; 3) Lower Raritan River; 4) Arthur Kill/Kill Van Kull; 5) Newark Bay, Hackensack River and Passaic River; 6) Lower Hudson River; 7) Harlem River, East River, and Western Long Island Sound; and 8) Upper Bay.   


The study purpose is to identify and document water resource related problems, existing conditions and factors contributing to environmental degradation within the estuary in order to develop potential solutions aimed at ecosystem restoration, while building upon existing restoration efforts and management plans (e.g., Harbor Estuary Program [HEP] Comprehensive Conservation Management Plan).  The overall objective of the HRE is to restore ecological function and diversity that have been lost or degraded as a result of human activities.  The HRE Ecosystem Restoration Program will enable the USACE, its non-Federal cost-sharing sponsors, and other regional stakeholders to restore and protect lost or degraded aquatic, wetland and terrestrial habitats within the HRE study area. These activities will be accomplished by implementing various site-specific ecosystem restoration projects formulated within the context of an overall strategic plan.


As a first step, the USACE, with participation of the regional stakeholders, has developed a Comprehensive Restoration Plan (CRP) that serves as a master plan and blueprint for future restoration in the HRE region.  The CRP provides the framework for an estuary-wide ecological restoration program by utilizing restoration targets -Target Ecosystem Characteristics (TECs) developed by the region’s stakeholders. The CRP Program goal is to develop a mosaic of habitats that provide society with renewed and increased benefits from the estuary environment. Each TEC is an important ecosystem property or feature that is of ecological and/or societal value including restoration of coastal wetlands, shellfish/oyster reefs, eelgrass beds, waterbird islands, public access, maritime forest, tributary connections, shorelines and shallow habitat, fish crab and lobster habitat, reduction of contaminated sediments and improvement of enclosed and confined waters.  The CRP provides a strategic plan to achieve the TEC goals, identify potential restoration opportunities and mechanisms for implementation.


The HRE Feasibility Study recommended specific restoration projects throughout the HRE Study Area that advance the CRP goals and provide solutions for water resource problems.   Up to 33 projects were recommended for near-term construction, along with future feasibility study spin-offs (per Civil Works Transformation).  Recommendations from the HRE- Lower Passaic River, HRE- Hackensack Meadowlands, Flushing Creek and Bay, Bronx River Basin, and Jamaica Bay, Marine Park, Plumb Beach Feasibility Studies were incorporated into the HRE Draft Integrated Feasibility Report and Environmental Assessment (FR/EA) that was released in February 2017.



HRE, HRE-Lower Passaic River, and HRE-Hackensack Meadowlands- House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure Resolution dated April 15, 1999, Docket Number 2596.

Flushing Bay and Creek - Congress Resolution dated September 28, 1994, Docket Number 2442.

Bronx River Basin -U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure Resolution dated March 24, 1998, Docket Number 2551

Jamaica Bay, Marine Park, Plumb Beach- Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the United States House of Representatives Resolution dated August 1, 1990. 


STATUS: The USACE Reconnaissance Phase for HRE commenced in January 2000 and a Section 905(b) WRDA 86 Analysis was approved in June 2000. The Feasibility Cost Sharing Agreements (FCSA) were executed as follows with the following local sponsors:


Feasibility Study

FCSA Execution

Study Sponsor

Study Cost


July 2001


Total: $19,600,000

Federal: $9,900,000

Non-Federal: $9,500,000

HRE-Lower Passaic River*

June 2003


Total: $9,000,000

Federal: $4,500,000

Non-Federal: $4,500,000

HRE-Hackensack Meadowlands

April 2003

New Jersey Sports & Exposition Authority (formerly Hackensack Meadowlands Commission)

Total: $5,200,000

Federal: $2,600,000

Non-Federal: $2,600,000

Flushing Creek and Bay

September 1999



Federal: $1,438,000

Non-Federal: $1,438,000

Bronx River Basin

November 2003

NYCDEP and Westchester


Total: 4,489,996

Federal: $2,244,998


Westchester- $864,324

NYCDEP- $1,380,674

Jamaica Bay, Marine Park and Plumb Beach

February 1996



Federal: $ 2,138,000

Non-Federal: $2,138,000

*Note: The HRE-Lower Passaic River Feasibility Study was conducted in partnership with USEPA, NOAA, USFWS and the State of New Jersey to develop a comprehensive solution for restoration and remediation (in coordination with the Superfund Program). The USEPA and USACE are Co-Leads of the Lower Passaic River Urban Waters Federal Partnership.


Overall goals and restoration targets were established as a collaborative effort among the region’s stakeholders through a series of stakeholder workshops in 2005 through 2007. The Draft CRP was released in April 2009 and was adopted by the New York/New Jersey Harbor Estuary Program (HEP) as the path forward for restoration in the future. Following intensive public outreach, CRP Version 1.0 was released in June 2016.


Feasibility activities included the evaluation of a subset of priority CRP sites including ecological functional assessments, preparation of restoration alternatives, engineering designs and cost estimates, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Environmental Assessments and Cost Effectiveness/Incremental Cost Analysis (CE/ICA) for each site.  In addition, other restoration opportunities outlined in the CRP were recommended for further feasibility study investigation which would require subsequent Congressional construction authorization.  A total of 33 sites were recommended as the Tentatively Selected Plan in the Draft Integrated FR/EA (See Table below).


The Tentatively Selected Plan Milestone was accomplished in August 2016 and the Draft Interim Feasibility Report and Environmental Assessment was released for public review in February 2017 (  The comment period closed on May 1, 2017.


The District has been coordinating with the Vertical Team to address policy comments and recently completed additional tasks to confirm the TSP and ensure policy compliance (tasks included update of costs, ecological benefits, relative sea level change analysis and Planning Region CE/ICA evaluations).  Based on the completion of these tasks, sites have been removed from the TSP (shown in table below) and a total of 22 sites were recommended and approved for final feasibility analysis at the Agency Decision Milestone (ADM) on September 5, 2018.  A final report is planned for June 2019.



Ms. Lisa Baron, Project Manager

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District

Programs and Project Management Division, Civil Works Programs Branch

Phone: (917) 790-8306








New Jersey

NJ U.S. Sen. Robert Menendez

NJ U.S. Sen. Corey Booker

NJ-05 Rep. Josh Gottheimer

NJ-06 Rep. Frank Pallone, Jr.

NJ-07 Rep. Leonard Lance

NJ-08 Rep. Albio Sires

NJ-09 Rep. William Pascrell, Jr.

NJ-10 Rep. Donald Payne, Jr.

NJ-11 Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen

NJ-12 Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman

New York

NY U.S. Sen. Charles E. Schumer

NY U.S. Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand

NY-02 Rep. Peter King

NY-03 Rep. Thomas Suozzi

NY-04 Rep. Kathleen Rice

NY-05 Rep. Gregory Meeks

NY-06 Rep. Grace Meng

NY-07 Rep. Nydia Velazquez

NY-08 Rep. Hakeem Jeffries

NY-09 Rep. Yvette Clarke

NY-10 Rep. Jerrold Nadler

NY-11 Rep. Daniel Donovan

NY-12 Rep. Carolyn Maloney

NY-13 Rep. Adriano Espaillat

NY-14 Rep. Joseph Crowley

NY-15 Rep. Jose Serrano

NY-16 Rep. Eliot Engel


Restoration Sites Included in the “Recommended Plan” and Prior Sites Removed Previously Included in the Tentatively Selected Plan (February 2017)

*Note: Sites crossed out were removed from Recommended Plan based on tasks conducted prior to the ADM.

Jamaica Bay Planning Region

Oyster Reefs


Marsh Islands

Fresh Creek

Hawtree Point

Dubos Point

Brant Point

Bayswater Point State Park

Dead Horse Bay

Elders Center

Duck Point

Pumpkin Patch East

Pumpkin Patch West

Stoney Creek

Jamaica Bay, Head of Bay

Soundview Park

Bush Terminal

Governors Island

Naval Station Earle

Hackensack-Passaic-Newark Bay Planning Region

East River, Harlem River, Western Long Island Sound Planning Region

Meadowlark Marsh

Metromedia Tract

Essex County Branch Brook Park

Dundee Island Park

Clifton Dundee Canal

Oak Island Yards

Kearny Point

Flushing Creek

Stone Mill Dam

Bronx Zoo and Dam

Shoelace Park

Muskrat Cove

River Park/West Farm Rapids Park

Bronxville Lake

Crestwood Lake

Garth Woods/ Harney Road

Westchester County Center

Current as of September 2018