US Army Corps of Engineers
New York District Website Website

Fact Sheet Article View

FACT SHEET - New York and New Jersey Channels (NY & NJ)

Federal Navigation Channel, Maintenance of Infrastructure and Stewardship

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District
Published March 5, 2021

AUTHORIZATION:  Rivers and Harbors Act of 1922, modified 1935, 1950, 1965, and 1985; Water Resources Development Act of 1986, modified 1990, 1992, 1999 and 2004. 

DESCRIPTION: This navigation asset extends from deep water northwest of Sandy Hook, through Lower New York Bay to Raritan Bay, to Perth Amboy, thence through Arthur Kill, Lower Newark Bay, and Kill Van Kull in the Upper New York Bay, along the approximately boundary line between the States of New York and New Jersey. This asset contains 31 miles of navigation channel, including  channel 37 feet deep in rock and 35 feet deep in soft material, 600 feet wide through Lower New York Bay, Raritan Bay into the Arthur Kill to a point 1,000 feet north of Smith Creek, except of the vicinities of Seguine Point and Ward Point where the width is 800 feet; thence 500 feet wide, to a point 1,000 feet south of the location of former Buckwheat Island; thence 50 feet deep (52 feet in rock), 500 to 600 feet wide passing north of Shooters Island and protected by a dike on its northern side of the junction of the channel into Newark Bay; thence into the Kill Van Kull 800 feet wide to Constable Hook; thence 1,300 feet wide from a point opposite the east end of Constable Hook to a point near the intersection along the New Jersey Pierhead line and thence 3,070 feet wide through Kill Van Kull to Upper New York Bay with suitable easing of the bends and junctions.

COMMERCE: In 2017, the annual commercial tonnage transported through this deep-draft high-use navigation asset was approximately 116 million tons, compared to a five-year (2013-2017) annual average of approximately 112 million, and consisted primarily of crude petroleum and various petroleum products (gasoline, fuel oils), and to a lesser extent chemicals (industrial alcohols), crude materials (salt, sand & gravel), primary manufactured goods (cement & concrete), food and farm products, and manufactured products.  This navigation asset specifically support numerous terminals, including one major oil refinery (Phillips 66 – Bayway), five commercial terminals (petroleum products & dry bulk materials), and the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (300,000 barrel capacity), which all handle deep-draft commercial traffic. 

BACKGROUND: Maintenance dredging of this asset was last completed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) in October 2020, when approximately 504,000 cubic yards (CY) of dredge material was removed from Perth Amboy Anchorage and beneficially used at the Historic Area Remediation Site (HARS). 

STATUS:  In FY2021, funds are being used for commonly performed Operations & Maintenance (O&M) work, including for solicitation and award of a FY 21 contract for maintenance dredging of various shoals throughout the Arthur Kill waterway.  Production of annual hydrographic channel condition surveys, and publication of controlling depth reports on the District’s website ( is also scheduled for FY2021. 


Alexander F. Gregory
Asset / Project Manager
P: (917) 790-8427
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District      
26 Federal Plaza         
New York, NY 10278         

District area NY # 11; NJ #'s 6,8, 10