AUTHORIZATION: The federal navigation project was authorized in the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1933 and subsequently modified by the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1935, 1950, 1965, 1985, Water Resources Development Acts of 1986 and 1990. Improvements to the navigation projects in the New York Harbor Complex were authorized by the Water Resources Development Act of 1986, Section 202(b), and amended by the Water Resources Development Act of 1992, Section 329, the Water Resources Development Act of 1999, Public Law 106-53, and modified in 2004 to authorize the Kill Van Kull reach of the project to -50 feet MLLW.
DESCRIPTION: A channel 37 feet deep in rock and 35 feet deep in soft material, 600 feet wide through Lower New York Bay, Raritan Bay into the Arthur Kill to a point 1,000 feet north of Smith Creek, except of the vicinities of Seguine Point and Ward Point where the width is 800 ft.; thence 500 ft. wide, to a point 1,000 feet south of the location of former Buckwheat Island; thence 50 feet deep (52 feet in rock), 500 to 600 feet wide passing north of Shooters Island and protected by a dike on its northern side of the junction of the channel into Newark Bay; thence into the Kill Van Kull 800 feet wide to Constable Hook; thence 1,300 feet wide from a point opposite the east end of Constable Hook to a point near the intersection along the New Jersey Pierhead line and thence 3,070 feet wide through Kill Van Kull to Upper New York Bay with suitable easing of the bends and junctions. Length – about 31.0 miles.
COMMERCE: The annual commercial tonnage for the New York & New Jersey Channels is 118,000,000 tons. Primary commodities include petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals; crude materials including sand, gravel, wood; manufactured goods, food and farm products valued at $160 billion. This channel system supports over 100 oil terminals. Annual usage is 28,000 trips.
STATUS: In FY19, requested funding could provide for completion of Plans and Specifications for possible future cycle maintenance where required in the channels. Remaining funds from prior cycles are being used to initiate sampling and testing, perform and evaluate condition surveys, publish a control depth report, and coordinate with local sponsors for the next cycle maintenance in Arthur Kill, Ward Point and/or Raritan Bay reaches.
Alexander F. Gregory,
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York District
26 Federal Plaza
New York, NY 10278
District Area: NY #10,11; NJ #6, 8, 10